The line hierarchy
The line hierarchy has been used by us humans since ancient times, and is a way for us to reduce the complexity that arise when we are too many people to do something. This reduction of complexity, is necessary for us humans and go into a variety of different areas, such as; number of communication channels, maximum number of people in a team we can feel sympathy and trust for, maximum number of people that we can know the name and face of, keep track of competence, all needed administration, etc.
The line hierarchy, which is context independent, is the basic and stable fundament for any organization, especially bigger ones. It is possible to use the line hierarchy in any context, and therefore also within any domain. This is a big advantage in the cases when we need complementing virtual delivery structures for some parts of the organization. The line hierarchy is divided into silos, and then divided into smaller and smaller, and more and more specialized entities. These guilds are important for the organization to keep its specialist competence, of both the legacy, as well as for new science, technology and tools.
For more detailed information about the line hierarchy and its validity for any context, please see here.
For a deep-dive into the science behind System Collaboration and the deductions made, leading to the need of a line hierarchy, please see here.